# Who’s the best Scientist?

March 17, 2018

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Keon Abedi, Contributor

Throughout history, our knowledge on the subject of science has been constantly growing, due to the many achievements of hard working scientists over the course of history. While there are thousands of people who have devoted themselves throughout history to discover more about the universe, there are few people who stand out for groundbreaking achievements, the discoveries of which have completely changed our world. The most famous of these scientists, Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton, have both made extraordinary achievements, but which one of these scientists were more important? For one, as taught repeatedly (too much) in 8th grade science, Isaac Newton made multiple incredible achievements. Isaac Newton is best known for his famous 3 Laws of Motion, which help to effectively describe objects in different types of motion, but he has also made many other amazing discoveries in the course of his life. Newton was also responsible for inventing calculus, which is related to math than science, though the branch of math has affected science greatly. Along with all of this, Newton made numerous breakthroughs in the study of optics, which concerns the nature and properties of light. In 1687, Newton finally published his breakthroughs in the study of motion, calculus, and optics in a book known as the Principia Mathematica, which most people today consider to be the most important scientific book ever created. In addition to this, Newton is considered one of the greatest scientists ever for his study of the force of gravity, and his discovery of the Universal Law of Gravitation, which holds true for everywhere in the universe even today, after centuries since it was first discovered. Einstein meanwhile, is well known for his discovery of the equation E=mc2, the photoelectric effect, and his General and Special Theories of Relativity. Einstein’s famous equation describes the amount of energy that is stored in matter, and led on to the creation of nuclear energy and (unfortunately) nuclear bombs. Einstein won a Nobel Prize in 1921 for his work on the photoelectric effect, which described why certain types of light could make atoms light up. Also, Einstein’s work on the gravity managed to better describe gravity than Newton, who could describe gravity but unlike Einstein, could not discover why it worked. Einstein however, was able to discover that gravity was the effect of mass in space, and he also described that gravitational effects moved at the speed of light in what is known as gravitational waves, which were detected about a century after Einstein’s prediction. Overall, Einstein should be considered a more influential scientist, as while Newton’s discoveries were very important, Einstein managed to discover the relation between mass and energy, a fundamental part of the universe, and he discovered a much more detailed explanation of the workings of gravity than.